Dynamic Lexical Relations

Here I briefly present a formalism I started to developed in Domínguez & Sanz 2013 (in Spanish). The Dynamic Lexical Relations (DLRs, relaciones léxicas dinámicas in Spanish) try to describe the relationship between two or more lexical items in any language. DLRs were developed based on Melchuk's lexical functions (LFs) but try to cover certain limitations we believe can be found in the LFs. DLRs are primarily aimed to help in natural language processing and semantic engineering tasks. DLRs, like LFs, try to describe the relation between lexical items, on one side the key(s) and on the other the value(s).

facere(Investition)= ausführen, tätigen

They can be receive more or less parameters apart from the main key. In the following case, one German lexical item is activated when an additional (style) parameter is activated:

facere(Investition) = tätigen +formal, machen -formal

facere(inversión) = realizar +formal, hacer -formal

DLRs should be used within a framework of automatic or, at worst, semi-automatic classification of lexical values. By all means we believe they should be constructs users of linguistic material should not be dealing with directly. The probabilistic, semantic and morpho-syntactic properties attached to them should enable the automatic classification and visualization of lexical material.

Andrés Domínguez Burgos, 2020 ©